An environmental impact comparison of packaging methods in the cold-chain industry

An environmental impact comparison of packaging methods in the cold-chain industry

An environmental impact comparison of packaging methods in the cold-chain industry
Pharmaceutical and biological materials require thermally controlled environments when transporting between manufacturers, clinics, and hospitals. It is the purpose of this report to compare the life cycle impacts of two distinct logistical approaches to packaging commonly used in facilitating a clinical drug trial and identify the method of least environmental burden. Considered herein is analysis of a single-use approach utilising containers insulated with either polyurethane or polystyrene and a reusable approach utilising containers with vacuum insulated panels.